Natural Geography of India

The topography of India is divided into seven parts according to geological differences and characteristics.
1. Highlands in the North: The Highlands in the North consist of the Himalayas, Ladak and Karakoram Mountains. The Himalayas are located north of India
The highest and newest broken mountain. Godwin Austin or K2 is the second highest peak in the world.

The southernmost part of the Himalayas is known as Shivalik or Abhimalaya. The valleys north of Shiblik are known as Dun. Such as Dehradun,
Kota, Patli, Chaukhamba etc. Siachen is the largest glacier in India. Kanchenjunga in Darjeeling is the second largest mountain in India and the third largest in the world. The caraway soil of Kashmir Valley is suitable for saffron cultivation.

2. Highlands or Purbachal of North East India: Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura are parts of Purbachal in Northeast India. Shillong is the highest peak in the Meghalaya Plateau.

3. Riverside plains to the north: This plain extends from the foothills of the Himalayas in the north to the northern part of the Peninsular Plateau in the south and is the largest plain in India. It is located between the states of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Assam.

The plain in the middle of the river is called “Doab”. The floodplain is called “Dhaya” in the local language. The eroded part is known as “Khosh”. The ancient silt-rich area is known as “Bhangar” and the new silt-formed area is known as “Khadar”.

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